The Middle Years Programme (MYP) of the International Baccalaureate Organization (IBO) is a course of study designed to meet the educational requirements of students aged between 11 and 16 years. The curriculum may be taught as an entity in itself, but it is flexible enough to allow the demands of national, regional or local legislation to be met.
Early and present curriculum developers of the Middle Years Programme have shared a common concern to prepare young people for the changing demands of life in the twenty-first century.
MYP students are at an age when they are making the transition from early puberty to mid-adolescence: this is a crucial period of personal, social, physical and intellectual development, of uncertainty and of questioning.
The MYP has been devised to guide students in their search for a sense of belonging in the world around them. It also aims to help students to develop the knowledge, attitudes and skills they need to participate actively and responsibly in a changing and increasingly interrelated world. This means teaching them to become independent learners who can recognize relationships between school subjects and the world outside, and learn to combine relevant knowledge, experience and critical thinking to solve authentic problems.
The eight subject groups provide a broad, traditional foundation of knowledge, while the pedagogical devices used to transmit this knowledge aim to increase the students' awareness of the relationships between the subjects. Students are encouraged to question and evaluate information critically, to seek out and explore the links between subjects, and to develop an awareness of their own place in the world.
The MYP aims to encourage students to develop:
- the disposition and capacity to be lifelong learners
- the capacity to adapt to a rapidly changing reality
- problem-solving skills, practical skills and intellectual rigour
- the capacity and self-confidence to act individually and collaboratively
- an awareness of global issues and the willingness to act responsibly
- the ability to engage in effective communication across frontiers
- respect for others and an appreciation of similarities and differences